Thursday, May 10, 2018

E.R. Eddison in the Ballantine and Pan/Ballantine Editions

The history of Ballantine Books publishing the works of E.R. Eddison (1882-1945) is rather complicated, especially as one delves into the Pan/Ballantine editions and Canadian printings.  It involves only four books: The Worm Ouroboros (originally published in 1922), followed by the three volumes of Zimiamvia, Mistress of Mistresses (1935), A Fish Dinner in Memison (1941), and The Mezentian Gate (1958). The Ballantine Books editions of Eddison’s four novels came out in the U.S. between 1967 and 1969. Interestingly, the first edition of A Fish Dinner in Memison had been published only in the U.S., so the Pan/Ballantine edition of 1972 is the first edition of the book published in the U.K. Conversely, The Mezentian Gate, originally published only in the U.K., had its first American edition in the 1969 Ballantine paperback.

Does one consider any of the Eddison books as part of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series? That depends, for when the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series began officially in the U.S. in May 1969, all four Eddison volumes had already been published. Yet for The Mezentian Gate, which was published in April 1969, one month before the official start of the series, the phrase “A Ballantine Adult Fantasy” runs up the spine (in small type) near the top of the front cover, and there is an advertisement on the final page of the book for “Great Masterpieces of Adult Fantasy” which includes four of the titles soon to be published as part of the series proper.  And all four of the Eddison titles are definitely part of the U.K. Pan /Ballantine Adult Fantasyseries. 

Yet nearly all of these printings of Eddison do not have the unicorn’s head logo on the cover. The one exception to this is the “Seventh U.S. Printing: September, 1973” of The Worm Ouroboros (345-22001-3  $1.25), which has the unicorn’s head logo on the front cover. So whether one counts the Eddisons as part of the series really depends upon how you define the series itself.

7th printing
The cover art for three of the four books was done by Barbara Remington, who did the similarly psychedelic covers for the first Ballantine editions of Tolkien’s The Hobbit and the three volumes of The Lord of the Rings. She was unavailable to do The Mezentian Gate, so another artist, William Benson, was hired to do the cover in a style like Remington’s. Beginning in 1977, the original Ballantine covers were replaced with new covers by Murray Tinkleman.

It is sad to note the decreasing number of printings of the successive books by Eddison.  While The Worm Ouroboros achieved twelve U.S. printings between 1967 and 1981, Mistress of Mistresses saw four, A Fish Dinner in Memison four or five, and The Mezentian Gate only two.

If any reader of this blog has any of the below printings of The Worm Ouroboros marked “not seen”  and can supply scans of the covers, title and copyright pages, I’ll be grateful. Contact me at nodens100 at gmail dot com.

Readers of Eddison will be interested to know that the omnibus Zimiamvia (Dell, 1992), containing Mistress of Mistresses, A Fish Dinner in Memison, and The Mezentian Gate, published for the first time some additional parts Eddison wrote of The Mezentian Gate. This includes a large section of chapter 30, and other passages in chapters 8, 12, and 31-33.

My thanks go to Trevor Livelton, Bill Lloyd, and Jon Preece for assistance with this post.

The Ballantine Printings of E.R. Eddison

The Worm Ouroboros
New York: Ballantine Books, [April] 1967 [cover art by Barbara Remington]
            “First Printing: April, 1967” on copyright page
Second Printing: April 1967 [3rd & later printings say May] [not seen?]
“Third American Printing: October, 1967” [printings listed as “First American 
             Printing … Third American Printing”]
“Fourth American Printing: May, 1968”
“Fifth Printing: August, 1970”
“Sixth Printing: March, 1972” [printed in England; 7th says January 1972] 
            [NB: This copy has U.S. price of $1.25 printed on the cover, and no 
            other prices]
“Seventh U.S. Printing: September, 1973” [Unicorn Mast on front cover] 
            [Beginning with the 7th printing, the list of printings on the copyright 
            page has been reset so that each line reads “First U.S. Printing” / 
           “Second U.S. Printing” / etc.]
Eighth U.S. Printing: October, 1974
“Ninth U.S. Printing: February, 1976”
“Tenth U.S. Printing: November 1977” [cover art, by Murray Tinkelman]
“Eleventh U.S. Printing: June 1978”
“Twelfth U.S. Printing: December 1981” [cover border color changed from 
            green to light orange]
First Canadian Printing: September 1967
Second Canadian Printing: November 1967

London: Pan/Ballantine, [June 1971] [not seen] Printed in Canada. Price 
            U.K. 40p [0 345-02001-4]
[2nd printing] 1972, [not seen] Price U.K. 50p  [0-345-09740-8]
“3rd printing 1973” [0-330-23841-8 “Printed in Great Britain by Richard 
            Clay” Prices on rear cover: U.K. 50p, plus Australia and New Zealand. 
            “Not for sale in Canada.”
“4th printing 1975” [0-330-23841-8  Prices on rear cover: U.K. 75p, plus 
            Australia and New Zealand. “Not for sale in Canada.”

1st printing

10th and 12th printings
Mistress of Mistresses: A Vision of Zimiamvia
New York: Ballantine Books, [August] 1967 [cover art by Barbara Remington]
            “First Printing: August, 1967” on copyright page
Second Printing: September 1967
Third Printing: May 1968
“Fourth Printing: January 1978” [cover art by Murray Tinkelman]

First Canadian Printing: November 1967

[U.K. edition:]  New York: [Pan/]Ballantine, [June, 1971] [have] “Printed in 
            Canada” on copyright page.  “Cover printed in Canada” on rear cover.  
            Prices and ISBN on reader cover: 345-02006-5 U.K. (8/-) 40p, plus 
            Australia, New Zealand, South Africa. The copyright page lists the 
Third Printing: May 1968 as the latest printing, but this must be an 
unacknowledged Canadian printing made for distribution in the U.K. 
“Pan” as publisher and the 1971 date of first U.K. publication do not 
appear anywhere on the book. 

1st printing
4th printing

A Fish Dinner in Memison
New York: Ballantine Books, [February 1968] [cover illustration by Barbara 
             Remington.] “First Printing: February, 1968” on copyright page
Second Printing: September 1970
“Third Printing: April 1978” [cover art by Murray Tinkelman]
Fourth Printing: May 1978 [mentioned in the “Special Printing” below]
First Special Printing: July 1978  [This is apparently a printing for the U.K. 
            market, with a price of £1 on rear cover. Also, this has a different 
            ISBN 0345278607]
[Fifth?]: July 1979  [not seen]

London: Pan/Ballantine, [July] 1972 [345-097410-6 “Printed in Great Britain 
            by Richard Clay” Prices on rear cover: U.K. 40p, plus Australia and 
            New Zealand. “Not for sale in Canada.”]

1st printing
3rd printing

The Mezentian Gate
New York: Ballantine Books, [April 1969] [uncredited cover illustration by
William Benson, in the style of Barbara Remington]
“First American Printing: April, 1969” on copyright page
“Second Printing: May 1978” [cover art by Murray Tinkelman]

London: Pan/Ballantine, [July] 1972 [345-09742-4 “Printed in Great Britain by
Richard Clay” Prices on rear cover: U.K. 40p, plus Australia and New 
Zealand. “Not for sale in Canada.”]

1st printing

2nd printing

Wednesday, May 2, 2018

Evangeline Walton in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series

It was Paul Spencer, an acquaintance of Lin Carter’s in the James Branch Cabell Society, who recommended The Virgin and the Swine (1936), by Evangeline Walton (1907-1996), for the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. Lin Carter and Betty Ballantine read it and approved of it, and they sought the author about reprint rights, initially thinking that she might be dead.  But they found that she had renewed the copyright in 1964, and contact was made, and a contract secured.

Both were happily surprised to learn that Walton had further unpublished manuscripts reworking other branches of the Mabinogion. She had initially planned to do only the fourth branch, but after it was published in 1936, she received a fan letter from John Cowper Powys, who encouraged her to continue with the other branches. Walton reworked the second and third branches into one huge novel of one hundred and eighty thousands words called The Brothers of Branwen, but she had troubles finding a publisher. Powys suggested she use his own literary agents in London (Pearn, Pollinger and Higham), and in July 1940 they nearly succeeded in selling The Brothers of Branwen to the Bodley Head, but the publisher got cold feet because of the size of the book and the paper shortages in England during the Second World War. After this, Walton ceased offering the manuscript to publishers.

After The Island of the Mighty (retitled from The Virgin and the Swine) was re-published by Ballantine in 1970, Walton returned to the manuscript of The Brothers of Branwen and split it into two books. In revised form these were published as The Children of Llyr and The Song of Rhiannon. In his introduction to The Children of Llyr, Carter noted that “as with the previous book, we decided to change the original title. Miss Walton had suggested The Doom of the Dark Woman, but the original tale upon which it was based was known widely in studies of Welsh and Irish mythological literature as ‘the tale of the children of Llyr.’ ” 

After The Song of Rhiannon was published, Walton returned to the first branch of the Mabinogion, which she had left unfinished after The Brothers of Branwen had failed to achieve publication, and the resultant Prince of Annwn was published by Ballantine in 1974, several months after the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series had ended. Thus Prince of Annwn  is not officially part of the series proper, and it (unlike the other three volumes) has no introduction from Lin Carter. After an article by Patrick Merla appeared in the 4 November 1972 issue of The Saturday Review, Carter’s introductions were replaced in most printings with an extract from Patrick Merla’s piece (the extract is identical in all books).  

Pan/Ballantine U.K. editions of the first three volumes were published in 1972 and 1973, but they did not publish the fourth book. Ballantine reprinted each of the four volumes a number of times (including Canadian printings), and a boxed-set of all four volumes was issued in November 1974. 

The original cover artists were Bob Pepper (for the first book) and David McCall Johnston (for the subsequent three), and Walton liked these covers very much. But she disliked the new covers by Howard Koslow put on all four volumes in 1978-79.  The printings with the Koslow covers were distributed in the U.K. in April 1980. 

Ballantine tinkered with the original covers as they reprinted the books, sometimes adding black or white spines, sometimes reversing the wrap-around cover art (making what had been on the reverse of the book into the front cover and vice versa).

I have marked the printings that I am missing as “not seen.”  If any reader of this blog has any of these printings and can supply scans of the covers, title and copyright pages, I’ll be grateful. Contact me at nodens100 at gmail dot com.

The Island of the Mighty
“First Printing: July, 1970” [Cover by Bob Pepper.]
“Second Printing: November, 1974” [Cover reversed, white spine.]
“Third Printing: November 1975”[Cover identical to Second Printing.]
“Third Printing: July 1977” [Actually the Fourth Printing.] [Cover orientation 
            matching Third Printing, but now has a black spine, and the Del Rey 
            logo on the upper cover.]
“Fifth printing: February 1979” [Cover by Howard Koslow.]

London:  Pan/Ballantine, [May] 1972

[The Lin Carter Introduction is only in the First Printing (and in the Pan/Ballantine printing). The Second through Fifth printings contain:  “On Evangeline Walton and Magic” by Patrick Merla, reprinted from The Saturday Review, 4 November 1972.]

1st printing
2nd and 3rd printings

4th printing
5th printing
 The Children of Llyr
“First Printing: August, 1971” [Cover by David McCall Johnston.]
“Second Printing: November, 1974” [Reverses cover illustration, white spine.] 
“Third Printing: November, 1975” [Cover identical to Second Printing.]
Third Printing: July 1977 [Actually the Fourth Printing.] [Not seen.]
“Fifth Printing: December 1978” [Cover art by Howard Koslow.]

London:  Pan/Ballantine, [May] 1972

[The Lin Carter Introduction is only in the First Printing (and the Pan/Ballantine printing). The Second through Fifth printings contain:  “On Evangeline Walton and Magic” by Patrick Merla, reprinted from The Saturday Review, 4 November 1972.]

1st printing
2nd and 3rd printings
5th printing
The Song of Rhiannon
“First Printing: August, 1972” [Cover by David McCall Johnston.]
“Second U.S. Printing: September, 1973”  [Cover identical to First Printing.]
“Third U.S. Printing: November 1974” [Reverses cover illustration, white spine.]
Fourth Printing: November 1975  [Not seen.]
“Fifth Printing: January 1979”  [Uncredited cover art by Howard Koslow.]

First Canadian Printing: September, 1972  [Noted in the “Second U.S. Printing: 
September, 1973”.]

London:  Pan/Ballantine, [December] 1973 

[The Lin Carter Introduction is only in the First and Second printings (and the Canadian and Pan/Ballantine printings). The Third through Fifth printings contain:  “On Evangeline Walton and Magic” by Patrick Merla, reprinted from The Saturday Review, 4 November 1972.]

1st and 2nd printings
3rd printing
5th printing

Prince of Annwn
“First Printing: November, 1974” [Cover by David McCall Johnston.]
“Second Printing: May, 1975”  [White spine.]
Third Printing: January 1977 [Not seen.]
Fourth Printing:  November 1977 [Not seen.]
“Fifth Printing: November 1978” [Uncredited cover art by Howard Koslow.]  [All copies seen are priced $1.75, but it is reported that some “Fifth Printing” copies are priced $1.95. This has not been seen by me.]

[All printings of Prince of Annwn have an introduction “On Evangeline Walton and Magic” by Patrick Merla, reprinted from The Saturday Review, 4 November 1972.]

1st printing
2nd printing
5th printing
Thanks to Jon Preece, Bill Lloyd, and Trevor Livelton for assistance on this entry. 

Wednesday, April 25, 2018

My new book (and two others) from Nodens Books

I've just posted about three new releases from my Nodens Books imprint (for full descriptions see here). 

The first is an expanded collection of my own Late Reviews, from Wormwood and other sources, plus newly written ones.

Late Reviews, by Douglas A. Anderson
Hardcover edition ($35.00), sold only directly via Lulu, at this link.
Trade paperback edition ($25.00) sold via Amazon (and European affiliates) ISBN 9781987512564. at this link. at this link.
Trade paperback edition ($25.00) sold via Lulu, at this link.
Kindle edition, sold via Amazon and affiliates.

Here are a few blurbs which nicely describe the book's contents.
“Doug Anderson’s regular ‘Late Reviews’ column in Wormwood is a treasury of information and commentary on some of the rarest, most obscure and strangest books in our field.  It is infused by Doug’s shrewd and unflinching assessments; bad books are named as such, overlooked achievements are justly celebrated.”  —Mark Valentine, editor of Wormwood 
“In his wonderful ‘Late Reviews’ Doug Anderson boldly goes where few readers have gone before.  Rather than write about the familiar classics of fantasy and supernatural literature, he explores the genre’s back alleys and waste lands, rediscovering dozens of strange and strangely appealing titles, most of them half forgotten, if remembered at all. Who else has read Guy Ridley’s The Word of Teregor and John William Harding’s A Conjuror of Phantoms and Erica Fay’s The Road to Fairyland or, it would seem, the complete works of Anthony Dyllington, author of The Unseen Thing? When Doug praised the wit of  Alexander de Comeau’s Monk’s Magic—and likened it to Mervyn Wall’s The Unfortunate Fursey—I immediately went searching for a copy.  Far more than just a collection of  essays, Douglas A. Anderson’s Late Reviews is a valuable reference, a guide for the curious reader and, not least, a source of rare literary entertainment.” —Michael Dirda, Pulitzer Prize-winning critic and author of Classics for Pleasure and On Conan Doyle
Tolkien figures in a few of the reviews, e.g. of Guy Ridley's The Word of Teregor, a short novel about sentient trees, with names like Enteth, who gather together in moots! (A new edition will be published shortly.)  Other authors covered range from Arthur Ransome to Tod Robbins and Phyllis Paul.  Some unpublished works are reviewed tooby Robert Aickman, L. Frank Baum, Roger Lancelyn Green (The Wood That Time Forgot), Bob Leman, David Lindsay (The Witch), E.H. Visiak, and Colin Wilson.  

Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Canadian Printings and the Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series

Initially I thought this particular topic of study was going to be more difficult than it turned out to be. There are some anomalies (like the Canadian printing of Dunsany’s King of Elfland’s Daughter that was distributed in England and in Canada, see here, scroll down to the second scan), but such anomalies turned out to be the exceptions rather than the rule. 

Basically, what seems to have happened is that as most of the titles were printed (or in some cases, reprinted) in the U.S., there were copies printed in Canada nearly simultaneously for the Canadian market. There may have been some legal necessity for this to do with place of printing. The U.S. and Canadian printings are virtually identical, save for the fact that the line on the U.S. copyright page that reads “Printed in the United States” has been removed and replaced with a line reading “Printed in Canada” (this line is often in a different font, and sometimes in italics).

I show one example here, for The Water of the Wondrous Isles by William Morris. First is the U.S. cover spread, and underneath that the Canadian one.  Below the covers is the U.S. copyright page, and finally the Canadian copyright page.

U.S. cover spread
Canadian cover spread
U.S. printing, copyright page
Canadian printing, copyright page
Thanks to Trevor Livelton and the long-time bookseller Grant Thiessen (of BookIT Inc., formerly Pandora’s Books) I can say that the bulk of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series had their own Canadian printings.  The following is a chronological list of the thirteen titles for which I currently have no confirmation of Canadian printings, plus one title with a Canadian printing associated with its U.S. Second printing. If any reader of this blog has any of the below titles in Canadian printing and can supply scans of the covers, title and copyright pages, I’ll be grateful. Contact me at nodens100 at gmail dot com.

Pratt, Fletcher. The Blue Star (US May 1969)
Morris, William. The Wood Beyond the World (US July 1969) [Note: There was a 
second US printing in January 1974, and there is a confirmed Canadian 
printing of the US second printing, with appropriate price and ISBN.]
Cabell, James Branch. The Silver Stallion (US August 1969)
Carter, Lin, ed. Dragons, Elves, and Heroes (US October 1969)
Carter, Lin, ed. The Young Magicians (US October 1969)
Bok, Hannes. The Sorcerer's Ship (US December 1969)
MacDonald, George. Phantastes (US April 1970)
Carter, Lin, ed. Golden Cities, Far (October 1970)
Chesterton, G. K. The Man Who Was Thursday (US July 1971)
Carter, Lin, ed. The Spawn of Cthulhu (US October 1971)
Bramah, Ernest. Kai Lung's Golden Hours (US April 1972)
Machen, Arthur. The Three Impostors (US June 1972)
Bramah, Ernest. Kai Lung Unrolls His Mat (US February 1974)
Dunsany, Lord. Over the Hills and Far Away (US April 1974) 

The possible reasons that there were no Canadian printings of these titles seem to be come down to two different situations.  The first being for reasons of copyright. Through at least the first half of the twentieth century it was common for Canadian publishing rights to be partnered with United Kingdom (or Commonwealth) rights.  By the 1960s this was changing.  The second situation might have something to do with the changes of ownership at Ballantine Books itself, and its relationship with publishing partners.

The copyright situation is perhaps the more easily discussed.  Grant Thiessen, as a bookseller in Canada in the 1970s, reports that the prevailing wisdom was that the Chesterton and the Machen titles were never distributed in Canada.  And neither were they distributed in the U.K, where copyright then existed for the life of the author plus 50 years.  Chesterton (who died in 1936) and Machen (who died in 1947) were still in copyright in the U.K., while the copyright situation in the U.S. was very different (based not on the author’s lifespan but the work’s year of publication, and subsequent renewals), leaving both The Man Who Was Thursday (originally published in 1908) and The Three Impostors (originally published in 1895) in the public domain in the U.S. The same situation is the case with the two books by Ernest Bramah (who died in 1942), Kai Lung’s Golden Hours (originally published in 1922) and Kai Lung Unrolls His Mat (originally published in 1928). It is worth noting that neither of the Bramah books had U.K. editions in the series. That covers four of the titles given above.

The remaining titles, or at least some of them, may have lacked Canadian editions due to changes in ownership and methods of management at Ballantine Books.  The firm was founded in 1952 by Ian and Betty Ballantine, but they sold it in October 1968 to Intext, the International Textbook Company of Scranton, Pennsylvania, in a deal by which Ian and Betty Ballantine remained in control. A number of the preliminary books published by Ballantine after Tolkien in 1965 and before the Adult Fantasy series proper began in May 1969, did have Canadian printings, but there were no further Canadian printings by Ballantine after the sale in October 1968, until they resumed printing operations in Canada sometime around the Spring of 1970 (April 1970 is the date of the first known Canadian printing of Cabell’s Figures of Earth). This might explain why some five or six books from 1969 have not been seen in contemporary Canadian printings. [For more on this, see the Appendix below.]

The 1974 Dunsany title Over the Hills and Far Away was the final title of the series (published two months, rather than the usual one month, after the previous book).  The series was probably cancelled by that time, and possibly a Canadian printing of the final title was nixed as well. The last known Canadian printing of the series is of the “Second Printing: January, 1974” of The Wood Beyond the World  by William Morris. 

MacDonald’s Phantastes and Carter’s The Spawn of Cthulhu don’t fit with either of the proposed scenarios.  Perhaps they had Canadian printings as yet unconfirmed, or perhaps they had different reasons for not being printed in Canada (e.g., Carter’s contract for The Spawn of Cthulhu may not have allowed for foreign sales; the book in fact did not have a U.K. edition). 


Another way to look at this is to consider all of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series titles published between April 1969 and June 1970, and consider what we know about Canadian printings: 
May 1969. The Blue Star, by Fletcher Pratt
June 1969. The King of Elfland's Daughter, by Lord Dunsany  [Canadian printing, 
            for the U.K. as well as Canada, dates from May 1971]
July 1969. The Wood Beyond the World, by William Morris [Known Canadian
            printing associated with the U.S. Second Printing of January 1974, which
            has a different price and ISBN from the July 1969 printing.]
August 1969. The Silver Stallion, by James Branch Cabell
September 1969. Lilith, by George MacDonald [Known Canadian printing 
             associated with the U.S. Second Printing of September 1973, which 
             has a different price and ISBN from the September 1969 printing.]
October 1969. Dragons, Elves, and Heroes, ed. by Lin Carter
October 1969. The Young Magicians, ed. by Lin Carter
November 1969. Figures of Earth, by James Branch Cabell [A later U.S. printing 
gives the date of April, 1970, for the first Canadian printing, which is five 
months after the first U.S. printing.  Thus April 1970 is the first attested 
date for any Canadian printing.]
December 1969. The Sorcerer's Ship, by Hannes Bok
January 1970. Land of Unreason, by Fletcher Pratt and L. Sprague de Camp 
            [Canadian printing attested but undated.]
February 1970. The High Place, by James Branch Cabell  [Canadian printing 
            attested but undated.]
March 1970. Lud-in-the-Mist, by Hope Mirrlees [Canadian printing attested 
            but undated.]
March 1970. At the Edge of the World, by Lord Dunsany [Canadian printing 
            attested but undated.]
April 1970. Phantastes, by George MacDonald
May 1970. The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath, by H. P. Lovecraft  
           [Canadian printing attested but undated.]
June 1970. Zothique, by Clark Ashton Smith  [Canadian printing attested but